Types of river transportation in the east coast of Sumatra before the 19th century: an analysis based on the findings of boats in North Sumatera Province and Siak districts, Riau Province

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Title

Types of river transportation in the east coast of Sumatra before the 19th century: an analysis based on the findings of boats in North Sumatera Province and Siak districts, Riau Province

Description

In the east coast of Sumatra, there were kingdoms that relied on river as the main transportation. In this region, there are big rivers with the same characteristics that empty into the Strait of Malacca, including Asahan River, Siak River, and Batanghari River. Not only relying on the river as the main transportation, some kingdoms even established their center of the kingdom on the river bank. These included the Deli Kingdom nearby Deli River, Siak Kingdom nearby Siak River, Serdang Kingdom nearby Serdang River, and the Ancient Malay Kingdom nearby Batanghari River. In 2013, the Cultural Heritage Preservation Office carried out a study on the findings of a boat in Siak River. The type of the boat is considered a rarity for the east coast of Sumatra region. However, it bears a similarity with the boat founded in Deli Serdang District in 1997, which was analyzed by Medan Archeological Agency. In addition of bearing a similarity, the study also concluded that the two boats are believed to be the type of boat that is used before the 19th century. From the findings of both boats, we can then describe the type of boats as the means of transportation in the east coast of Sumatra before the 19th century.

Creator

Azwar Sutihat , in Van Tilburg, H., Tripati, S., Walker Vadillo, V., Fahy, B., and Kimura, J. (eds.)

Date

5/15/2014

Files

Citation

Azwar Sutihat , in Van Tilburg, H., Tripati, S., Walker Vadillo, V., Fahy, B., and Kimura, J. (eds.), “Types of river transportation in the east coast of Sumatra before the 19th century: an analysis based on the findings of boats in North Sumatera Province and Siak districts, Riau Province,” The MUA Collection, accessed February 8, 2023, http://www.themua.org/collections/items/show/1640.

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