Shipwreck Site and Earthenware Vessels in the Philippines:
Earthenware vessels of the Pandanan Shipwreck Site

Dublin Core


Shipwreck Site and Earthenware Vessels in the Philippines:
Earthenware vessels of the Pandanan Shipwreck Site


Session 4
The archaeological study of ships’ cargo, hull, and maritime infrastructure


Eighteen shipwreck sites had been identified and researched in the Philippines by 2003 (Dizon 2003). The main goods of the cargos of these ships were porcelain wares and stoneware jars which had been produced in kiln sites in China and Mainland Southeast Asia such as Vietnam, Thailand and Myanmar (Alba 1993; Crick 1996; Diem 1996; Desroches 1996; Salcedo 1993; Valdes 1993). Many scholars have been interested in these porcelain wares and stoneware jars.

Beside these porcelain wares and stoneware jars, earthenware vessels were also found in the shipwreck sites. However, only a few scholars have paid attention to earthenware vessels found in shipwreck sites. One of whom is Amalia de la Torre (1993; 1996), she conducted the study of earthenware vessels found in the San Diego Shipwreck Site. Earthenware vessels found in the shipwreck sites are often not goods for trading or bartering but for daily utensils of the people on a voyage (de la Torre 1993; 1996).

The Pandanan Shipwreck Site is one of the rare shipwreck sites dated around the middle of the 15th century, its rarity is presumably because the Chinese imperial court totally banned private trading during this period (Sakuma 1989). Allison Diem (1996) has already conducted the study of glazed ceramics such as porcelain wares and stoneware jars found in the site and identified as wares produced in kiln sites in central Vietnam (Binh Dinh Province). However, she did not conduct the study of the unglazed earthenware vessels. Consequently there is no significant documentation of the earthenware vessels excavated in the Pandanan Shipwreck Site

The writer believes that earthenware vessels of the shipwreck sites are also very important artifacts which sometimes indicate daily lives of the people on board and the possible route of the ship and the trade, even though they are easily neglected. In this article, the writer will point out the similarity of the forms of globular pots with a spout excavated in the Pandanan Wreck Site, the Lena Shoal Wreck Site and the Calatagan Sites (the terrestrial sites) in Batangas Province (Tanaka 2005). On the basis of this similarity, the sailing route of the Pandanan ship will be discussed in this article.


Kazuhiko Tanaka
Eusebio Z. Dizon


November 2011



Fatal error: Uncaught ValueError: version_compare(): Argument #3 ($operator) must be a valid comparison operator in /home/kknoerl/ Stack trace: #0 /home/kknoerl/ version_compare('8.0.30', '5.6', 'gte') #1 /home/kknoerl/ Zend_Xml_Security::isPhpFpm() #2 /home/kknoerl/ Zend_Xml_Security::scan('<?xml version="...', NULL) #3 /home/kknoerl/ Zend_Xml_Security::scanFile('/home/kknoerl/t...') #4 /home/kknoerl/ Zend_Locale_Data::_findRoute('en_US', '/ldml/dates/cal...', '', 'pattern', Array) #5 /home/kknoerl/ Zend_Locale_Data::_getFile('en_US', '/ldml/dates/cal...', '', 'pattern') #6 /home/kknoerl/ Zend_Locale_Data::getContent('en_US', 'date', Array) #7 /home/kknoerl/ Zend_Date->_parseIsoToDate('FFFF', 'en_US') #8 /home/kknoerl/ Zend_Date->_toToken('FFFF', 'en_US') #9 /home/kknoerl/ Zend_Date->toString('FFFF') #10 /home/kknoerl/ format_date(1702284263, 'FFFF') #11 /home/kknoerl/ Item->getCitation() #12 /home/kknoerl/ Item->getProperty('citation') #13 /home/kknoerl/ Omeka_View_Helper_Metadata->_getRecordMetadata(Object(Item), 'citation') #14 /home/kknoerl/ Omeka_View_Helper_Metadata->_getText(Object(Item), 'citation') #15 /home/kknoerl/ Omeka_View_Helper_Metadata->metadata(Object(Item), 'citation', Array) #16 /home/kknoerl/ Zend_View_Abstract->__call('metadata', Array) #17 /home/kknoerl/ metadata('item', 'citation', Array) #18 /home/kknoerl/ include('/home/kknoerl/t...') #19 /home/kknoerl/ Omeka_View->_run('/home/kknoerl/t...') #20 /home/kknoerl/ Zend_View_Abstract->render(NULL) #21 /home/kknoerl/ Zend_Controller_Action_Helper_ViewRenderer->renderScript('items/show.php', NULL) #22 /home/kknoerl/ Zend_Controller_Action_Helper_ViewRenderer->render() #23 /home/kknoerl/ Zend_Controller_Action_Helper_ViewRenderer->postDispatch() #24 /home/kknoerl/ Zend_Controller_Action_HelperBroker->notifyPostDispatch() #25 /home/kknoerl/ Zend_Controller_Action->dispatch('showAction') #26 /home/kknoerl/ Zend_Controller_Dispatcher_Standard->dispatch(Object(Zend_Controller_Request_Http), Object(Zend_Controller_Response_Http)) #27 /home/kknoerl/ Zend_Controller_Front->dispatch() #28 /home/kknoerl/ Zend_Application_Bootstrap_Bootstrap->run() #29 /home/kknoerl/ Zend_Application->run() #30 /home/kknoerl/ Omeka_Application->run() #31 {main} thrown in /home/kknoerl/ on line 172