Principal Investigator: Dr. Nathan Richards
Co-Principal Investigator: Dr. David Stewart
Staff Archaeologist: Calvin Mires
Dive Safety: Steve Sellers
Funding and Support
National Geographic Society / Waitt Grants Program (http://www.nationalgeographic.com/field/grants-programs/waitt-grants.html)
Program in Maritime Studies, East Carolina University (http://www.ecu.edu/maritime/)
Bermuda Maritime Museum (http://www.bmm.bm/)
Department of Conservation Services, Government of Bermuda (http://www.gov.bm/portal/server.pt?space=CommunityPage&control=SetCommunity&CommunityID=206)
Dr. Nathan Richards, Dr. David Stewart, Calvin Mires, Peter Campbell, Jacqueline Marcotte, Morgan MacKenzie, Tyler Morra, Eric Ray, Lindsay Smith, Joyce Steinmetz, Matt Thompson, John Wagner, Lyz Wyllie, Jeanette Hayman.
The Program in Maritime Studies, East Carolina University
Collection of Jill Amos Raine
Collection of Irving Hayward
Collection of Anthony Pettit
Department of Conservation Services, Government of Bermuda
This project could not have occurred without the assistance of the National Geographic Society and the Waitt Foundation for Discovery (in particular Mark Christmas, Chris Sloan, and Dr. Fabio Amador). Additionally, Dr. Edward Harris, Elena Strong, Andrew Harris and other staff of the Bermuda Maritime Museum and Dr. Philippe Rouja and Mandy Shailer of the Department of Conservation Services, Government of Bermuda were pivotal in providing the support and logistics for fieldwork. We would like to thank Mr. Calvin Trott and Mr. Dwayne Trott of the Bermuda Sea Cadets (T.S. Admiral Somers) for their hospitality with lodgings. Important logistical support and advice came from other employees at East Carolina University, including Melody Bentz (Grants and Contracts, Research and Graduate Studies), Steve Sellers (Director, Diving and Water Safety, Institute for Coastal Science and Policy), and Dr. John Chinn (Director, University Office of Research Compliance and Administration, Research and Graduate Studies). We would also like to thank Jimmy Moore, PhD candidate at the University of Rhode Island for his assistance with corrosion analysis. Last but not least, Kurt Knoerl and Michelle Damian have our appreciation for the concepts, design and construction of this digital exhibit with the Museum of Underwater Archaeology.
Atkinson, Karen, Alec Duncan, and Jeremy Green
1988 The Application of a Least Squares Adjustment Program to Underwater Survey. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 17(2):119-131.
Babits, Lawrence E., and Hans Van Tilburg
1998 Maritime Archaeology: A Reader of Substantive and Theoretical Contributions. Plenum Press, New York, NY.
Beaudry, Mary C.
1988 Documentary Archaeology in the New World. Cambridge University Press, New York, NY.
Bermuda Department of Tourism
2008 Event Schedule, Bermuda: Feel the Love, Bermuda Department of Tourism, Bermuda. http://www.bermudatourism.com/index.aspx.
Bowens, Amanda (editor)
2008 Archaeology Underwater: The NAS Guide to Principals and Practice. 2nd Edition. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
1998 Five-masted schooners with aux. machinery, Sailing Ships, The Maritime History Virtual Archives, Uppsala, Sweden. www.bruzelius.info.
Fleming Day, Thomas
1910 The Rudder. Fawcett Publications, Robbinsdale, MN.
Florida Department of State
2008 Florida Maritime Heritage Trail, Division of Historical Resources, Florida. http://dhr.dos.state.fl.us/archaeology/underwater/maritime/lighthouses/lighthouses.cfm.
Godet, Nan (editor)
1997 Billy Ray’s Projects Encompass Both Ancient and Modern. Maritimes: Quarterly Magazine of the Bermuda Maritime Museum. 9(4):21.
2008 St. George’s, Bermuda. <http://earth.google.com>. Accessed 12 September.
2004 Maritime Archaeology: A Technical Handbook. Academic Press, London, UK.
Hallett, C.F.E. Hollis (editor)
2007 Butler’s History of the Bermudas: A Contemporary Account of Bermuda’s Earliest Government. Bermuda Maritime Museum Press, Bermuda.
2000 The Site Surveyor Guide to Surveying Underwater. 3H Consulting Ltd., London, UK.
2003 An Assessment of Quality in Underwater Archaeological Surveys using Tape Measurements. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 32(2):246-251.
2005 The Site Surveyor Manual. 3H Consulting Ltd., London, UK.
1995 A Practical Guide to Archaeological Photography. Institute of Archaeology, University of California, Berkeley.
2006 Moon Handbooks Bermuda. Avalon Travel Publishing, New York, NY.
2008 The wreck, Bermuda and the first week, Eye of the Wind, Germany. www.koys.de/Atlantic/index.php.
Maritime: Kent-Nord Pas de Calais
2003 English Channel Maritime Heritage Trail, European Union, United Kingdom and France. http://www.maritimeheritagetrail.co.uk/EN/index.php.
Maritime Maine Heritage Trail
2008 Promoting Maine’s Rich Maritime Heritage, Maritime Maine Heritage Trail, Maine. http://www.maritimemaine.org.
1998 Gunboat Gives Up Its Secrets: Composite Vessel Ready Important Part of Construction History. Maritimes: Quarterly Magazine of the Bermuda Maritime Museum. 10(3):20.
Nautical Archaeology Society
2000 Archaeology Underwater: The NAS Guide to Principles and Practice. Nautical Archaeology Society and Archetype Publications Ltd. Henry Ling Ltd. Dorchester, Great Britain.
2008 Shipbreaking in Bangladesh, Chittagong, Bangladesh. http://www.shipbreakingbd.info/.
2008 Ships’ Graveyards: Abandoned Watercraft and the Archaeological Site Formation Process. University of Florida Press: Gainesville, FL.
2007 Notice of Open and Restricted Wrecksites. Memo, Custodian of Historic Wrecks, Department of Conservation Services, Ministry of the Environment, Telecommunications and E-Commerce, Bermuda Government, July 13.
1919 27 May, Volume(Issue):3a. Hamilton, Bermuda.
Ruppé, Carol and Jan Barstad
2002 International Handbook of Underwater Archaeology. Springer, New York, New York.
Spirek, James D. and Della A. Scott-Ireton
2003 Submerged Cultural Resource Management: Preserving and Interpreting Our Sunken Maritime Heritage. Springer, New York, New York.
2004 End of Voyages: The Afterlife of Ships. Tempus Publishing, Gloucestershire, Great Britain.
1946 The Story of Bermuda. Harcourt, Brace, and Company, New York, NY.
Wilkinson, Henry Campbell
1958 The adventurers of Bermuda: A history of the island from its discovery until the dissolution of the Somers Island Company in 1684. Oxford University Press: United Kingdom.
1973a Bermuda: From Sail to Steam: The History of the Island from 1784 – 1901, Volume 1. Oxford University Press, London, UK.
1973b Bermuda: From Sail to Steam: The History of the Island from 1784 – 1901, Volume 2. Oxford University Press, London, UK.
Williams, Ronald John
1936 Bermudiana. Rinehart & Company, New York, NY.